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How to work with GPMC on OK5718-C

Number of visits: Date:2019-3-27 10:48
1. Overview
GPMC is short for General-Purpose Memory Controller and it is a kind of interface to be used for AM5718 processor to communicate with NOR Flash, NAND Flash, SRAM and other external storage devices. It has below features
1) flexible 8-bit and 16-bit async storage interface
2) up to 8 chip selections
3) can support NAND and NOR Flash, NOR Flash is multiplexed with SRAM
4) support contigious visiting to off-chip memory up to 512MB
 
2. Hardware connection of GPMC
 
1) CPMC connected with 16-bit external memory device with address/data multiplexed.
2) GPMC connected with 16-bit non-multiplxed external memory device
3) GPMC connected with 8-bit non-multiplexed memory device 
4) GPMC connected with 8-bit NAND Flash
3. GPMC on OK5718-C
OK5718-C is preserved with GPMC interface. GPMC_AD[15: 0] is a multiplexed signal of data/ address, and it could be used for GPMC device testing. Pin definition is as below
 
 
in this demo, GPMC on OK5718-C is configured as async mode and also NOR Flash is multiplxed with address / data, actually, only below I/O used
 
GPMC_AD[15:0]:  16-bit address/ data
GPMC_CS0/ GPMC_CS3: chip select
GPMC_OEN_REN: output enable
GPMC_WEN: writing enable
GPMC_ADVN_ALE:  address valid
4. Device tree configuring
GPMC related description in Linux kernel please refer to below files:
 
OK57xx-linux-kernel/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/memory-controllers/omap-gpmc.txt 
 
OK57xx-linux-kernel/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/mtd/gpmc-nor.txt
 
OK57xx-linux-kernel/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/mtd/gpmc-nand.txt
 
device tree needed to be modified is OK57xx-linux-kernel/arch/arm/boot/dts/ok5718-idk.dts
 
below is configured device tree code 
1) GPMC pin configuring
 
2) add GPMC node
 
configure chip select pin as 3. Base address to 0x8000000 and address space to 0x1000000
 
ranges = <3 0 0x08000000 0x1000000>;
the configured timing sequence
 
5. Testing
Cross-compile the testing program code and copy app-fram to OK5718-C development board
execute app-fram read command
 
captured CS3 ADVN and En wave are as below, read and writing cycle of GPMC is 112ns
 
 

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