5G + Industrial Internet
In recent years, a new round of scientific and technological revolution and rapid development of industrial reform, the Internet from the consumer field to the production field of rapid expansion, industrial economy from digital to network, intelligent depth of expansion, Internet innovation and development and the new industrial revolution formed a historic convergence, "industrial Internet" has become a hot word.
5G + Industrial Internet
"5G-plus industrial Internet" refers to the use of 5G as the representative of a new generation of information and communication technology, the construction of a deep integration with the industrial economy of the new infrastructure, application model and industrial ecology. Through the comprehensive connection of 5G technology to people, machines, things, systems, etc., a new manufacturing and service system covering the whole industrial chain and the whole value chain is constructed, which provides a new way for the digital, networked and intelligent development of industry and even industry, and helps enterprises to realize the development of cost-cutting, quality, efficiency, green and safety.
At present, a new round of scientific and technological revolution and industrial changes are advancing rapidly, and information technology is changing rapidly. The integration of 5G and industrial Internet will accelerate the construction of digital China and intelligent society, accelerate the process of China's new industrialization, and inject new momentum into China's economic development. In the process of digital China, intelligent society construction and new industrialization, "5G-plus industrial Internet" will play a fundamental, aggregate and integrated role to promote industrial upgrading and industry transformation.
Since the implementation of the "5G-Industrial Internet" 512 project, the level of application of the industry has been continuously improved, from the production peripheral link gradually extended to the research and development design, production and manufacturing, quality testing, fault operation and maintenance, logistics and transportation, safety management and other core links, in electronic equipment manufacturing, equipment manufacturing, steel, mining, electricity and other 5 industries to take the lead in the development, foster the formation of collaborative research and development design, remote equipment control, equipment coordination operations, flexible production and manufacturing, on-site auxiliary assembly, machine visual quality inspection, equipment fault diagnosis, Factory intelligent logistics, unmanned intelligent inspection, production site monitoring and other 10 typical application scenarios, to help enterprises reduce the quality and safe production.
In recent years, a new round of scientific and technological revolution and industrial transformation in-depth development, 5G, industrial Internet, large data centers and other new infrastructure construction accelerated, increasingly become a support for the real economy digital, network, intelligent transformation and upgrading of the key driver.
Since 2017, China has deeply implemented the strategy of industrial Internet innovation, the four major systems of network, platform, data and security have been steadily advancing, the analysis of industrial Internet logo has been accelerated, and innovative models such as platform design, intelligent manufacturing, network coordination, personalized customization, service extension and digital management have emerged. On June 6, 2019, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology issued 5G commercial licenses to four basic telecommunications companies: China Telecom, China Mobile, China Unicom and China Radio and Television. China's 5G commercial progress, has been built covering all cities above the national level 5G network, industry, energy, transportation, medical and other real economic industries 5G applications are booming, for the "5G plus industrial Internet" integration innovation has laid a solid industrial foundation.
On the one hand, 5G is the key enabling technology for the development of industrial Internet. It defines three application scenarios for 5G, enhanced mobile broadband (eMBB, 10 times faster than 4G), low latency and high reliability (uRLLC, one-tenth of 4G), massive machine-like communications (mMTC, 50 times the connection density of 4G), and the latter two scenarios are designed for the needs of real economy industries such as industry. 5G can effectively solve the problems of poor mobility of industrial wired technology, inflexible networking, special environment laying difficulties, break through the existing industrial wireless technology in reliability, connection density, transmission capacity and other limitations, effectively meet the large-scale data acquisition and perception, precision control, remote control and other industrial production needs, and constantly improve the basic capabilities of industrial Internet network, expand the industrial Internet integration and innovation industry, become a powerful dynamic of the deep development of industrial Internet.
On the other hand, the industrial Internet will open up a wide space for 5G applications. The real value of 5G lies in supporting the high-quality development of the real economy, and there is an urgent need to integrate and apply innovation with the real economy. China's industry has a complete industrial chain, diversified industry ecology, broad market depth, especially a large number of traditional industrial enterprises still in the industrial 2.0, industrial 3.0 stage to speed up the process of digitalization, networking, intelligent transformation, will provide 5G with an extremely rich application scenario, open up a very broad space for development, support 5G to continue to play commercial value, release development dividends, to a higher quality, higher level to accelerate progress.
The composition of the connotation
At present, a new round of scientific and technological revolution and industrial changes are advancing rapidly, and information technology is changing rapidly. The integration of 5G and industrial Internet will accelerate the construction of digital China and intelligent society, accelerate the process of China's new industrialization, and inject new momentum into China's economic development. In the process of digital China, intelligent society construction and new industrialization, "5G-plus industrial Internet" will play a fundamental, aggregate and fusion role.
The "5G-plus Industrial Internet" will play a fundamental role. At present, the trend of wireless industrial network development is remarkable, the three major technology scenarios defined by the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) are closely aligned with the development needs of industrial Internet applications. At present, 5G can support millisecond air delay, can meet many vertical industry digital scenes, such as: port, mining, steel, construction, warehousing and other industries remote control, unmanned control and other scenarios are based on the 5G international standard R15 version of industrialization innovation and fusion application exploration. The R16 standard is further targeted at applications such as the industrial Internet, introducing new technologies to support low-delay and high-reliability services such as network control, robot control, motion control, etc. in factory production lines by supporting less than 1 millisecond air time delay and higher reliability.
The "5G-plus Industrial Internet" will play an aggregate role. 5G not only provides network connectivity, but also integrates with artificial intelligence, big data, cloud computing, etc. and drives related technological innovations and industries. The process of 5G's promotion and application is the process of 5G and all kinds of information and communication technology aggregation and innovation. 5G accelerates the deep integration of communication technology, information technology, control technology, promote communication and perception, computing, control towards deep coupling direction, 5G will artificial intelligence, Internet of Things, cloud computing, big data, edge computing and other emerging technologies deep integration, forming a cloud, network, edge, end full chain capacity, to create a 5G-centric pan-intelligent integration facilities;
"5G plus Industrial Internet" will play a converged role. There are many industrial categories in Our country, different stages of enterprises, large differences in demand, more prominent personalization. "5G-plus industrial Internet" must be closely integrated with industry-specific technology, knowledge, experience, from shallow and deep, step by step, from production monitoring, remote services, intelligent logistics and other basic links to digital research and development, machine vision detection, precision equipment control and other key links extended, this process is complex, difficult, the need for all relevant departments to cooperate, fully mobilize the enthusiasm and creativity of all industrial parties, play a good "group game."
What 5G products are recommended?
According to the "5G-plus industrial Internet" enabling industrial research and development design, production and manufacturing, quality testing, fault operation and maintenance, logistics and transportation, safety management and other aspects of the situation, from the production link outstanding, good economic efficiency, high practical operation, replication promotion and other factors, the selection of collaborative research and development design, remote equipment control, equipment coordination operations, flexible production and manufacturing, on-site auxiliary assembly, machine vision quality inspection, equipment fault diagnosis, factory intelligent logistics, no intelligent inspection, no intelligent inspection, production site monitoring. The connotation of the specific scenario and the basic conditions for its implementation can be put forward, and the notice on the release of ten typical application scenarios and five key industry practices of "5G plus industrial Internet" can be referred to.
Co-research and development design mainly includes remote research and development experiments and off-site collaborative design. Remote research and development experiment refers to the use of 5G and augmented reality /virtual reality (AR/VR) technology to build or upgrade the enterprise research and development experimental system, real-time collection of field experimental pictures and experimental data, through the 5G network synchronous transmission to the distribution of different regions of scientific research personnel; Geo-collaborative design refers to the construction of collaborative design system based on 5G, digital twin, AR/VR and other technologies, generating digital models of industrial components, equipment, systems, environment and so on in real time, transmitting design data simultaneously through 5G network, and realizing the use of cave-like automatic virtual environment by offsite designers (CAVE) simulation system, headset 5G AR/VR, 5G portable equipment (Pad) and other terminal access immersive virtual environment, to achieve the 2D/3D design drawings of the collaborative modification and improvement, improve design efficiency.
Remote equipment control refers to the comprehensive use of 5G, automatic control, edge computing and other technologies, the construction or upgrading of equipment control system, through the industrial equipment, cameras, sensors and other data acquisition terminals built-in 5G modules or the deployment of 5G gateway and other equipment, to achieve industrial equipment and various types of data acquisition terminal network, equipment controllers can remotely obtain the production site panoramic high-definition video screen and all kinds of terminal data, and through the equipment control system to achieve real-time precision control of industrial equipment. Effectively ensure that control instructions are executed quickly, accurately and reliably.
Equipment collaborative operation refers to the comprehensive use of 5G timing positioning, artificial intelligence, software-defined network, network virtualization and other technologies, the construction or upgrading of equipment collaborative operating system, industrial equipment in the production site, as well as cameras, sensors and other data acquisition terminals built-in 5G module or deployment of 5G gateway, through the 5G network real-time collection of production site equipment trajectory, process completion and other related data, and comprehensive use of statistics, planning, simulation, and other methods. The production site of multiple equipment on demand flexible composition of a collaborative system, the way of co-operation between equipment optimization, according to the optimization results of manufacturing execution system (MES), programmable logic controller (PLC) and other industrial systems and equipment dispatch strategy and other relevant instructions, to achieve the division of labor and cooperation of multiple equipment, reduce the number of online production equipment, improve equipment utilization efficiency, reduce production energy consumption.
Flexible production and manufacturing is index-controlled machine tools and other automated process equipment, material automatic storage, and transportation equipment through the built-in 5G module or the deployment of 5G gateway and other equipment access to 5G network, to achieve wireless equipment connection, greatly reduce network cable deployment costs, shorten production line adjustment time. Through the combination of 5G network and multi-access edge computing (MEC) system, flexible production and manufacturing applications are deployed to meet the key requirements of factory in real-time control, data integration and interoperability, security and privacy protection in the flexible production and manufacturing process, supporting the rapid refactoring of production lines according to production requirements, and realizing the rapid configuration and optimization of different products in accordance with the needs of the same production line. At the same time, flexible production-related applications can be combined with enterprise resource planning (ERP), manufacturing execution system (MES), warehouse logistics management system (WMS) and other systems, the user needs, product information, equipment information, production planning and other information for real-time analysis, processing, dynamic formulation of optimal production programs.
On-site auxiliary assembly refers to the field staff through the built-in 5G module or the deployment of 5G gateway and other equipment, to achieve AR/VR glasses, smartphones, PAD and other intelligent terminals 5G network access, capture live images, video, sound and other data, through the 5G network real-time transmission to the field auxiliary assembly system, the system analysis and processing of data, the production assistance information, through the 5G network to the field terminal, to achieve the operation steps of the enhanced image overlay, assembly link visualization. Help field personnel assemble complex or refined equipment. In addition, expert guidance information, equipment operating instructions, drawings, documents, etc. can also be synchronized to the site terminal in real time through the 5G network, on-site assembly personnel can be on duty after simple training, effectively improve the level of assembly of field operators, to achieve intelligent assembly process, improve assembly efficiency.
Machine vision quality inspection refers to the deployment of industrial cameras or laser scanners in the production site and other quality inspection terminals, through embedded 5G modules or the deployment of 5G gateways and other equipment, to achieve industrial cameras or laser scanners 5G network access, real-time capture of high-definition images of product quality, transmission through 5G networks to the deployment of expert systems on the MEC, expert system based on artificial intelligence algorithm model real-time analysis, comparison of the system's rules or model requirements, to determine whether the material or product is qualified, Realize real-time defect detection and automatic alarm, and effectively record defect information, to provide a data base for quality traceability. At the same time, the expert system can further aggregate the data, upload it to the enterprise quality inspection system, complete the model iteration according to the periodic data flow, and realize the multi-line sharing of the model through the network.
Equipment troubleshooting refers to the installation of power sensors, vibration sensors and high-definition cameras on field equipment, and access to 5G networks through built-in 5G modules or the deployment of 5G gateways and other equipment, real-time acquisition of device data, transmission to the equipment troubleshooting system. The equipment fault diagnosis system is responsible for the full-cycle monitoring of the collected equipment status data, operation data and field video data, establishes the equipment fault knowledge map, diagnoses and locates the faulty equipment, dynamically intelligently analyzes and predicts the operating trend of the equipment through data mining technology, and realizes the intelligent push of alarm information, diagnostic information, prediction information, statistical data and other information through the network.
Factory intelligent logistics mainly includes line logistics and intelligent warehousing. Line logistics refers to the quantitative distribution of materials from the upstream station of the production line to the downstream station, from the station to the buffer warehouse, from the centralized warehouse to the line side warehouse. Intelligent warehousing refers to the technology of Internet of Things, cloud computing and mechatronics to realize intelligent logistics, reduce storage costs, improve operational efficiency, improve storage management capabilities. Through the built-in 5G module or the deployment of 5G gateway and other equipment can achieve automatic navigation vehicles (AGV), automatic mobile robot (AMR), forklifts, robotic arms and unmanned warehouse vision system 5G network access, the deployment of intelligent logistics scheduling system, combined with 5G MEC and ultra-broadband (UWB) indoor high-precision positioning technology, logistics terminal control, commodity storage, handling, sorting and other operations of the whole process automation, intelligent.
Unmanned intelligent inspection refers to the use of built-in 5G module or the deployment of 5G gateway and other equipment, to achieve inspection robots or drones and other mobile, intelligent security equipment 5G network access, instead of inspectors to patrol watch, collect on-site video, voice, pictures and other data, automatically complete detection, cruise and record data, remote alarm confirmation and other work; Comprehensive judgment to obtain inspection results, effectively improve the safety level, inspection efficiency, and security effect.
Production site monitoring refers to the industrial park, factory, workshop and other sites, through the built-in 5G module or the deployment of 5G gateway and other equipment, all kinds of sensors, cameras and data monitoring terminal equipment access to 5G network, collecting environment, personnel movements, equipment operation and other monitoring data, back to the production site monitoring system, high-precision identification of production activities, custom alarm and area monitoring, real-time alert abnormal state, to achieve a full range of intelligent monitoring and management of the production site, to provide security for safe production management.
According to the current national practice of "5G-plus industrial Internet" advantages of the industry and characteristic industries, from the high level of digitalization, the most mature business model, 5G application exploration is the most concentrated, the most significant landing results and other factors, selected electronic equipment manufacturing, equipment manufacturing, steel industry, mining industry, power industry five key industries of the national economy. Specific reference can be made to the "Notice on the release of "5G plus industrial Internet" ten typical application scenarios and five key industry practices (see the end of the text for details).
Electronic equipment manufacturing industry automation level is high, digital, networked foundation is good, product iteration speed, there is to reduce labor costs, reduce material inventory, strict control of product quality, rapid response to customer differentiation requirements and other urgent needs, the development of intelligent manufacturing, personalized customization, lean management, and other models have great potential. Huawei, Haier, Gree, ZTE and others have made active use of 5G technology to significantly improve manufacturing efficiency, reduce production costs, improve system flexibility, and make a useful exploration for the digital transformation of the electronics manufacturing industry.
Equipment manufacturing involves aviation manufacturing, shipbuilding, automobile manufacturing and construction machinery manufacturing and other important areas. Its product structure is highly complex, product size is large, with high technical requirements, strict production safety standards, capital investment, labor-intensive and other industries, the finished products, standard parts, and other millions of production resources of the collaborative design and general awareness of high demand. At the same time, facing the dilemma of "job shortage and high cost", more precise assembly and processing capacity and quality testing means are needed to support the long-term development of enterprises. The development of digital research and development, network coordination, intelligent manufacturing, lean management, and other models have great potential. China Commercial Afei, Shanghai Takahashi, Sany Heavy Industries, Fukuda Automobile, and other applications of 5G technology to actively explore the practice, in the quality, cost-saving, efficiency, reduction of staff has achieved significant results, for the equipment manufacturing industry to inject new impetus into the rapid development.
The steel industry mainly includes iron front, steelmaking, cast steel, rolling steel, warehousing logistics, and other links. The steel industry has long production process and complex production process, and is currently faced with the pain points of low equipment maintenance efficiency, opaque production process, fragmentation of downstream demand, and high pressure of green production, and has great potential to develop intelligent manufacturing, lean management, and other models. Hualing Xiangsteel, Angang, Baosteel, Masteel, and other applications of 5G technology to actively explore remote equipment handling, machine vision quality inspection, equipment troubleshooting, production site monitoring, and other typical application scenarios, promoting industrial upgrading and industry transformation.
The mining industry includes open pit and well-drilling environments, and safe production is the red line. In the open-pit mining environment, because of the fall of mine rock easy to cause mining casualties, multi-layer overlapping mining areas often appear landslides, landslides, gas explosion, impact pressure, and other accident risks. In the environment of wells and mines, there are high temperature, high humidity, dust and other harsh working environment, workers long-term high-intensity underground work poses a greater threat to health, the development of intelligent manufacturing, network coordination, lean management and other models have great potential. Sianyuan Coal Mine, Qianye Cement, Pomponta Coal Mine, Baodian Coal Mine, and other 5G technology to actively carry out remote equipment control, equipment coordination, unmanned intelligent inspection, production site monitoring and other typical applications, with remarkable results.
Power industry mainly involves power generation, transmission, substation, distribution, electricity five links, there are safety supervision is not in place, high environmental protection requirements, information islands, equipment real-time supervision difficult, fine management difficulties and other pain points, facing the "clean, low-carbon, efficient, safe, intelligent" transformation challenges, the development of intelligent manufacturing, lean management and other models have great potential. Using 5G technology, such as China National Nuclear Group, State Grid and Southern Power Grid, the practice of on-site auxiliary assembly in the power generation sector, unmanned intelligent inspection in the transmission link, equipment fault diagnosis in the distribution link, and on-site monitoring of the production of the power supply link have achieved remarkable results.